Status: Emerging
Start date:
Last update: 2016-08-11

On 24 July 2014, South Korea reported an outbreak of type O foot and mouth disease in a pig farm in Gyeongsangbuk-do Province to the OIE: Infection was confirmed by antigen capture ELISA and PCR. Media reports suggest that 600 pigs of 1500 on the farm have been culled so far. Media reports suggest that the pigs had not been vaccinated. Vaccination for FMD serotypes O, A and Asia 1 is practiced in South Korea.

On 28 July 2014, South Korea reported a second outbreak around 70km away in a 2000-head piggery.

In May 2014, South Korea's FMD status had been recognised by the World Organisation for Animal Health as free with vaccination.

Status: Ongoing
Start date:
Last update: 2016-06-14

CHILE - Oceana has been granted access to information on Chile's salmon farming antibiotic use between 2009 and 2013, following a unanimous ruling by Santiago’s Court of Appeals.

“We are pleased to hear the reversal of an incorrect ruling by the Transparency Council. Clearly, this is public information as it allows people to make decisions on fundamental issues, such as health and the environment, in addition to making scrutiny on whether the Government is effectively controlling this industry or not,” stated Alex Muñoz, Vice President for Oceana in Chile.

In July 2014, Oceana resorted to the Transparency Council after 50 salmon farms refused to reveal the amount and type of antibiotics used by them, on the grounds that this would entail “a competitive and commercial risk.”

The Transparency Council agreed with the salmon farms and declared that the National Fishery Service is not required to reveal disaggregated figures.



Status: Emerging
Start date:
Last update: 2016-05-25

There are only enough honeybees in Britain to properly pollinate a quarter of the country’s crops, scientists claim.

Destruction of huge swathes of grassland and the use of agricultural chemicals have caused a spiralling drop in the populations of honeybees, which are vital for food production.

Professor Simon Potts of the University of Reading, who led the research project, said: ‘We face a catastrophe in future years unless we act now.’


Destruction of huge swathes of grassland and the use of agricultural chemicals have caused a spiralling drop in the populations of honeybees, which are vital for food production


THE STUDY IN NUMBERS Europe has 13.4million too few honeybee colonies to properly pollinate all its crops. The bees do the work of polinating crops for free that would otherwise cost British farmers £1.8billion to replace. Overall, the 41 European countries studied have only two-thirds of the honeybees they need. The problem is particularly acute in Britain, where there are only 275,000 colonies - a quarter of the one million colonies needed to maximise yields. A bee colony can vary in size from 20,000 to 60,000 bees.  Previous studies have estimated that the number of British honeybees have halved over the last 25 years.

The research, published in the journal PLOS One, found that Europe has 13.4million too few honeybee colonies to properly pollinate all its crops.

Bee populations have plummeted as their meadowland habitats were concreted over and their wildflower food supply killed by herbicides.

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Status: Potential
Start date:
Last update: 2016-05-19

The illegal trade and sale of African bushmeat presents a number of serious biosecurity risks. In addition the trade and sale of these products has a significant impact on the maintenance of populations of protected (CITES) or endangered species.

This issue page has been created to monitor information on African bushmeat over the issue period to assist with understanding of this trade.

Status: Potential
Start date:
Last update: 2016-05-13
Status: Emerging
Start date:
Last update: 2016-05-10

Australia: Nursery confirms links to melon virus outbreak

Biosecurity Queensland has confirmed it's investigating a Queensland nursery linked to the outbreak of a virus that's crippled the Northern Territory's melon industry, but has refused to provide exact details about the nursery, or nurseries, involved.

Determining where cucumber green mottle mosaic virus (CGMMV) came from has been described as like finding 'a needle in a haystack'.

The virus originated overseas, and has devastated the Territory's horticulture industry since it was found on melon farms near Katherine in the Northern Territory seven weeks ago, and more recently on a pumpkin farm.

Ten farmers have had their properties quarantined and told to destroy their crops.

They've also had a two-year ban imposed on growing any crops related to the cucurbit family which includes cucumber and melons.

One theory is the virus was accidentally brought into Australia on infected cucurbit seed. From there, the seed is thought to have been grown out at a nursery before being sent to the Northern Territory.



Status: Emerging
Start date:
Last update: 2016-04-26

New disease worries vannamei shrimp farmers

Wednesday, February 11, 2015, 02:40 (GMT + 9)

After achieving a record production of shrimp, which allowed the value of seafood exports from India to grow by 14 per cent yoy in the nine months ending December 2014, the industry fears that the disease known as RMS (Running Mortality Syndrome) may affect the production of vanamei shrimp in the new fiscal year.

The main affected states are Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, in the southern east coast, which are the major producers of this variety ofshrimp, and the top earners in the seafood export basket.

The Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA) said it was early to assess the impact of the disease as farmers are seeding and filling the ponds, which will take some time.

Meanwhile, Anwar Hashim, managing director of Abad Exports, believes it is likely that the onset of the disease is due to the use of local broodstock, which is cheaper than the imported one.



What is RMS? 

Status: Emerging
Start date:
Last update: 2015-11-02

Source: Quarterly Aquatic Animal Disease Report (Asia-Pacific Region) – 2014/3

One of the important issues discussed was thecurrent emerging disease threats for shrimps including infection with Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP; microsporidian) and Covert mortality nodavirus (CMNV). It was suggested that these two diseases be included in the QAAD list but decided that a Disease Advisory be released instead. This will be done as an awareness programme activity and to gather data from other countries if these two diseases are present or not. Disease advisories will be prepared by NACA with assistance from Dr. Flegel (for EHP) and Dr. Huang (for CMNV).