Lumpy skin Lebanon ProMED Digest, Vol 49, Issue 72

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Today's Topics:

1. PRO/AH/EDR> Lumpy skin disease - Lebanon: (NL) ex Syria,
susp, RFI (promed@promedmail.org)
2. PRO/AH/EDR> European foulbrood, apis - Europe (02): Romania
(MS) OIE (promed@promedmail.org)
3. PRO/AH/EDR> Tick-borne encephalitis virus - USA (MA) Powassan
virus (promed@promedmail.org)
4. PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (50): Liberia, Sierra Leone,
research (promed@promedmail.org)

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Message: 1
Date: Sun, 24 Jul 2016 13:56:01 +0000
From: promed@promedmail.org
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Lumpy skin disease - Lebanon: (NL) ex Syria,
susp, RFI
To: promed-post@promedmail.org, promed-edr-post@promedmail.org,
promed-ahead-post@promedmail.org
Message-ID:
<010001561d30edbd-b8fca3ad-9047-4999-823b-98216ab4e5e5-000000@email.amazonses.com>

Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8

LUMPY SKIN DISEASE - LEBANON: (NORTH LEBANON) ex SYRIA, SUSPECTED,
REQUEST FOR INFORMATION
******************************************************************************************
A ProMED-mail post
<http://www.promedmail.org>
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
<http://www.isid.org>

Date: Sat 23 Jul 2016
Source: The Daily Star [edited]
<https://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Lebanon-News/2016/Jul-23/363565-cowpox-outbreak-probed-in-north-lebanon.ashx>

The Agriculture Ministry announced Friday [22 Jul 2016] that it is
following up on a suspected outbreak of cowpox that was found in
bovine in North Lebanon's Akkar. The ministry's Animal Resources
Directorate said that it sent a team of veterinarians to assess the
epidemic in the area by examining the cows, taking samples, and
sending them to the labs. The team also checked on the origin of the
affected cattle and gave farmers instructions on how to manage the
issue. This comes as the "recent illegal movement of animals from
Syrian areas near the Lebanese border has increased," a ministry
statement said. "Lebanon has been officially declared free of this
disease for more than 2 years after the Agriculture Ministry was able
to control it following the 1st cases in 2013." The statement added
that there was little cause for alarm. The virus is not highly
contagious and requires direct contact with the infected animals to
contract.

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail
<promed@promedmail.org>

["Cowpox" is most probably a misnomer. The disease referred to should
read lumpy skin disease (LSD). For a picture of an infected cow in
Akkar, published in the Lebanese web-site "lebaneseinfo.com" on Sat,
23 Jul 2016 (in Arabic), see <http://tinyurl.com/gst2bm7>.

Lebanon reported an event of LSD which started 28 Nov 2012, caused --
reportedly -- a total of 34 outbreaks and was declared, according to a
final report submitted 30 Jan 2014, "resolved" as of 18 Mar 2013.

For the location of Akkar, in North Lebanon adjacent to the Syrian
border, see map at <http://tinyurl.com/zf5ugdz>. Confirmation of the
diagnosis and its official notification are anticipated.

LSD is a Capripoxvirus.

Cowpox is an Orthopoxvirus, and is not an OIE-reportable disease. It
is a mild, eruptive, zoonotic disease of dairy cows, restricted to
udder and teats. It is currently less common than in the past,
distributed widely in Europe, western parts of the former Soviet
Union, and adjacent areas of Northern and Central Asia, with an
increasing number of reports originating from Europe. Genome sequence
analyses have revealed considerable diversity among isolates of cowpox
virus. - Mod.AS

A HealthMap/ProMED-mail map can be accessed at:
<http://healthmap.org/promed/p/25464>.]

[See Also:
2015
----
Lumpy skin disease, Foot & mouth disease - Lebanon: ex Syria, RFI
http://promedmail.org/post/20150527.3389044
2014
----
Lumpy skin disease, bovine - Lebanon: OIE, update, resolved
http://promedmail.org/post/20140131.2246247
2013
----
Lumpy skin disease, bovine - Lebanon (02): (JA) OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20130222.1555679
Lumpy skin disease, bovine - Lebanon: (NA) OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20130118.1505118
2011
----
Cowpox - Europe: France, rodent, human infection
http://promedmail.org/post/20110629.1982
Cowpox, human - USA: (GA) lab infection
http://promedmail.org/post/20110209.0444
2009
----
Cowpox, rodents, human (06): Europe, background
http://promedmail.org/post/20090306.0938]
.................................................sb/arn/je/ml

------------------------------

Message: 2
Date: Sun, 24 Jul 2016 17:39:58 +0000
From: promed@promedmail.org
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> European foulbrood, apis - Europe (02): Romania
(MS) OIE
To: promed-post@promedmail.org, promed-edr-post@promedmail.org,
promed-ahead-post@promedmail.org
Message-ID:
<010001561dfdf6ae-33ce94d8-c5f6-4d6e-b8ff-34ae02b2d652-000000@email.amazonses.com>

Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8

EUROPEAN FOULBROOD, APIS - EUROPE (02): ROMANIA (MURES) OIE
***********************************************************
A ProMED-mail post
<http://www.promedmail.org>
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
<http://www.isid.org>

Date: Fri 22 Jul 2016
Source: OIE, WAHID weekly disease information 2016; 29(30) [edited]
<http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review?page_refer=MapFullEventReport&reportid 523>

European foulbrood of honey bees, Romania
---------------------------------
Information received on [and dated] 22 Jul 2016 from Dr. Marius
Grigore, Director, Head of Unit Animal Health Department General
Sanitary Veterinary Directorate, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food
Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania

Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 8 Jul 2016
Date of confirmation of the event: 8 Jul 2016
Reason for notification: reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 2015
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: _Melissococcus plutonius_
Nature of diagnosis: laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country.

New outbreaks (1)
Summary of outbreaks, Total outbreaks: 1
Outbreak 1: Valea Seaca, Mures
Date of start of the outbreak: 8 Jul 2016
Outbreak status: continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit: apiary
Affected animals:
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Destroyed / Slaughtered
Bees (hives) / 30 / 4 / 0 / 4 / 0

Outbreak statistics [rates apparent, expressed as percentages]
Species / Morbidity rate / Mortality rate / Case fatality rate /
Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Bees (hives) / 13.33 / 0 / 0 / 13
* Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction,
and/or slaughter

Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection: unknown or
inconclusive
Epidemiological comments: The laboratory diagnostic was done by
identification of bacterial genome of _Melisococcus plutonius_.

Tags
Locations
LocationCoordinatesRelevanceShow on map
Lebanon33.83°N 35.83°E0.304Yes
Discovery
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Searched entity: 
Original language: 
Original title: 
ProMED Digest, Vol 49, Issue 72
Original text (summary): 

Today's Topics:

1. PRO/AH/EDR> Lumpy skin disease - Lebanon: (NL) ex Syria,
susp, RFI (promed@promedmail.org)
2. PRO/AH/EDR> European foulbrood, apis - Europe (02): Romania
(MS) OIE (promed@promedmail.org)
3. PRO/AH/EDR> Tick-borne encephalitis virus - USA (MA) Powassan
virus (promed@promedmail.org)
4. PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (50): Liberia, Sierra Leone,
research (promed@promedmail.org)

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Message: 1
Date: Sun, 24 Jul 2016 13:56:01 +0000
From: promed@promedmail.org
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Lumpy skin disease - Lebanon: (NL) ex Syria,
susp, RFI
To: promed-post@promedmail.org, promed-edr-post@promedmail.org,
promed-ahead-post@promedmail.org
Message-ID:
<010001561d30edbd-b8fca3ad-9047-4999-823b-98216ab4e5e5-000000@email.amazonses.com>

Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8

LUMPY SKIN DISEASE - LEBANON: (NORTH LEBANON) ex SYRIA, SUSPECTED,
REQUEST FOR INFORMATION
******************************************************************************************
A ProMED-mail post
<http://www.promedmail.org>
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
<http://www.isid.org>

Date: Sat 23 Jul 2016
Source: The Daily Star [edited]
<https://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Lebanon-News/2016/Jul-23/363565-cowpox-outbreak-probed-in-north-lebanon.ashx>

The Agriculture Ministry announced Friday [22 Jul 2016] that it is
following up on a suspected outbreak of cowpox that was found in
bovine in North Lebanon's Akkar. The ministry's Animal Resources
Directorate said that it sent a team of veterinarians to assess the
epidemic in the area by examining the cows, taking samples, and
sending them to the labs. The team also checked on the origin of the
affected cattle and gave farmers instructions on how to manage the
issue. This comes as the "recent illegal movement of animals from
Syrian areas near the Lebanese border has increased," a ministry
statement said. "Lebanon has been officially declared free of this
disease for more than 2 years after the Agriculture Ministry was able
to control it following the 1st cases in 2013." The statement added
that there was little cause for alarm. The virus is not highly
contagious and requires direct contact with the infected animals to
contract.

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail
<promed@promedmail.org>

["Cowpox" is most probably a misnomer. The disease referred to should
read lumpy skin disease (LSD). For a picture of an infected cow in
Akkar, published in the Lebanese web-site "lebaneseinfo.com" on Sat,
23 Jul 2016 (in Arabic), see <http://tinyurl.com/gst2bm7>.

Lebanon reported an event of LSD which started 28 Nov 2012, caused --
reportedly -- a total of 34 outbreaks and was declared, according to a
final report submitted 30 Jan 2014, "resolved" as of 18 Mar 2013.

For the location of Akkar, in North Lebanon adjacent to the Syrian
border, see map at <http://tinyurl.com/zf5ugdz>. Confirmation of the
diagnosis and its official notification are anticipated.

LSD is a Capripoxvirus.

Cowpox is an Orthopoxvirus, and is not an OIE-reportable disease. It
is a mild, eruptive, zoonotic disease of dairy cows, restricted to
udder and teats. It is currently less common than in the past,
distributed widely in Europe, western parts of the former Soviet
Union, and adjacent areas of Northern and Central Asia, with an
increasing number of reports originating from Europe. Genome sequence
analyses have revealed considerable diversity among isolates of cowpox
virus. - Mod.AS

A HealthMap/ProMED-mail map can be accessed at:
<http://healthmap.org/promed/p/25464>.]

[See Also:
2015
----
Lumpy skin disease, Foot & mouth disease - Lebanon: ex Syria, RFI
http://promedmail.org/post/20150527.3389044
2014
----
Lumpy skin disease, bovine - Lebanon: OIE, update, resolved
http://promedmail.org/post/20140131.2246247
2013
----
Lumpy skin disease, bovine - Lebanon (02): (JA) OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20130222.1555679
Lumpy skin disease, bovine - Lebanon: (NA) OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20130118.1505118
2011
----
Cowpox - Europe: France, rodent, human infection
http://promedmail.org/post/20110629.1982
Cowpox, human - USA: (GA) lab infection
http://promedmail.org/post/20110209.0444
2009
----
Cowpox, rodents, human (06): Europe, background
http://promedmail.org/post/20090306.0938]
.................................................sb/arn/je/ml

------------------------------

Message: 2
Date: Sun, 24 Jul 2016 17:39:58 +0000
From: promed@promedmail.org
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> European foulbrood, apis - Europe (02): Romania
(MS) OIE
To: promed-post@promedmail.org, promed-edr-post@promedmail.org,
promed-ahead-post@promedmail.org
Message-ID:
<010001561dfdf6ae-33ce94d8-c5f6-4d6e-b8ff-34ae02b2d652-000000@email.amazonses.com>

Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8

EUROPEAN FOULBROOD, APIS - EUROPE (02): ROMANIA (MURES) OIE
***********************************************************
A ProMED-mail post
<http://www.promedmail.org>
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
<http://www.isid.org>

Date: Fri 22 Jul 2016
Source: OIE, WAHID weekly disease information 2016; 29(30) [edited]
<http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review?page_refer=MapFullEventReport&reportid 523>

European foulbrood of honey bees, Romania
---------------------------------
Information received on [and dated] 22 Jul 2016 from Dr. Marius
Grigore, Director, Head of Unit Animal Health Department General
Sanitary Veterinary Directorate, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food
Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania

Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 8 Jul 2016
Date of confirmation of the event: 8 Jul 2016
Reason for notification: reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 2015
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: _Melissococcus plutonius_
Nature of diagnosis: laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country.

New outbreaks (1)
Summary of outbreaks, Total outbreaks: 1
Outbreak 1: Valea Seaca, Mures
Date of start of the outbreak: 8 Jul 2016
Outbreak status: continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit: apiary
Affected animals:
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Destroyed / Slaughtered
Bees (hives) / 30 / 4 / 0 / 4 / 0

Outbreak statistics [rates apparent, expressed as percentages]
Species / Morbidity rate / Mortality rate / Case fatality rate /
Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Bees (hives) / 13.33 / 0 / 0 / 13
* Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction,
and/or slaughter

Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection: unknown or
inconclusive
Epidemiological comments: The laboratory diagnostic was done by
identification of bacterial genome of _Melisococcus plutonius_.

Issues
Issue(s) that this article relates to, if applicable.
Workflow
Status: 
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