ProMED Digest, Vol 47, Issue 40

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Today's Topics:

1. PRO/AH/EDR> Lumpy skin disease - Europe (02): Greece, bovine,
reemerging, epidemiology (promed@promedmail.org)
2. PRO/EDR> Measles update (16): USA (MA), Ireland (KY,DN)
(promed@promedmail.org)
3. PRO/AH/EDR> Fibropapillomatosis, turtle - USA: (FL) pollution
link susp (promed@promedmail.org)

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Message: 1
Date: Sat, 14 May 2016 14:59:30 +0000
From: promed@promedmail.org
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Lumpy skin disease - Europe (02): Greece, bovine,
reemerging, epidemiology
To: promed-post@promedmail.org, promed-edr-post@promedmail.org,
promed-ahead-post@promedmail.org
Message-ID:
<01000154afc789f3-34549d53-2023-47d3-97f7-cd3285c59e96-000000@email.amazonses.com>

Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8

LUMPY SKIN DISEASE - EUROPE (02): GREECE, BOVINE, REEMERGING,
EPIDEMIOLOGY
**************************************************************************
A ProMED-mail post
<http://www.promedmail.org>
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
<http://www.isid.org>

Date: Fri 13 May 2016 [date of publication]
Source: EU Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health
(SCFCAH) meeting 3-4 May 2016, Brussels. Presentation of the Community
Veterinary Emergency Team Mission to Greece [summ., edited]
<http://ec.europa.eu/food/animals/docs/reg-com_ahw_2016050304_pres_lumpy-skin-disease-cvet-mission-greece.pdf>

The Mission of the Community Veterinary Emergency Team [CVET] to
Greece, 12-13 Apr 2016, was composed of the following experts: Dr Eeva
Tuppurainen - team leader, Finland; Dr Kris de Clercq - Belgium;
Commission Representative - Dr Dimitrios Dilaveris, DG SANTE
[Directorate-General for Health] (only 12 Apr 2016).

SCOPE of the mission: Lumpy skin disease [LSD] in cattle in Greece

A. LSD outbreak in Nigrita, Serres on 4 Apr 2016 [This is the 1st
outbreak in Greece since early December 2015]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. [Observations]
- Mixed dairy and beef herd (379 heads) vaccinated against LSDV on 26
Nov 2015
- One pregnant heifer (20 months of age) affected
- TB test in early February 2016, no lesions noticed then [see
comment]
- Heifer injured when it was mounted by another animal and was
separated from the herd to recover
- In early April [2016], animal was down and the owner noticed
hairless patches on the back of the animal, where blackbirds were
pecking
- The owner was not aware about LSDV infection
- Infected animal was sent to a slaughterhouse on [4 Apr 2016] and
LSDV infection detected by the abattoir veterinarian
- The nearest abattoir is 20 km [about 12 miles] away near Neos Skopos
(S131) but the animal was taken to another one located 55 km [about 34
miles] in the RU of Drama on a disease-free but vaccinated zone
- A LSDV field strain was detected from the samples by the National
Reference Laboratory in Athens
- Estimated age of the skin lesions 4 weeks (based on photos taken by
slaughterhouse vet)
- No clinical signs of LSD in other animals in the farm
- 40 blood samples were collected from the herd, tested negative in
PCR

2. Inconclusive source of infection
- A closed, zero-grazing feedlot farming system
- Nearest outbreaks in Vrasna in November 2015, RU of Thessaloniki (25
km [about 16 miles] distance)
- All farms in Serres in close proximity of the affected region in the
RU of Thessaloniki were vaccinated in late November 2015, nearly 100
percent vaccination coverage
- In the area starting 20 km to the North only 40 percent vaccination
coverage
- No known animal movements from infected regions of Thessaloniki
- Movement of vaccinated animals originating from restricted regions
for slaughter in the RU of Serres needs to be investigated
- No temporary farm workers
- Milk, veterinarian, animal trader vehicles -- disinfection of the
wheels on arrival and exit
- Artificial insemination with frozen semen is carried out by the
farmer
- Biting insects were present but not yet in substantial numbers,
ticks not a problem, spot-on insect repellent in cattle
- Local feed and water

B. Hill-top beef holding near to Lithotopos village in the RU of
Serres
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
1. [Observations]
- Located 20 km distance from Bulgarian border, free-ranging beef
cattle of 70 heads, communal grazing lands also used by 4 other
farmers
- Unvaccinated animals and vaccination coverage 40 percent in the
mountainous region
- Clinical signs 1st noticed by the owner on Sat [9 Apr 2016], samples
collected on following day and tested positive in NRL in Athens
- On the day of CVET visit on Tue [12 Apr 2016] several more cattle
with skin lesions were detected
- The herd was culled on Wed [13 Apr 2016]

2. Inconclusive source of infection
- Abundance of ticks, biting flies, tabanids, mosquitos
- A spot-on insect repellent was used
- Only owners, permanent staff visit the holding regularly; state and
private veterinarians irregularly
- Cattle for slaughter or trade are transported by the owner to
lowland farm and are picked up from there
- Nearest abattoir (S10) is located in Hortero near Sidirokastro at 24
km [about 15 miles] distance, it's used for cattle over 72 months of
age (due to TSE regulations)

C. Other affected farms by the time of CVET mission
---------------------------------------------------
- In Thessaloniki: Adverse vaccine reaction in imported cattle (68
heads) from Denmark, vaccinated [8 and 9 Mar 2016], clinical signs
detected in 2 cattle 10 days post-vaccination, vaccine virus detected
from the skin of the other animal
- [4 Apr 2016] a cattle farm near Roupel, Serres, very close to
Bulgarian border, cattle entry point from Bulgaria to Greece, cattle
resting station in close proximity -- the region was swiftly 100
percent vaccinated after the suspicion
- [12 Apr 2016] a suspected case in an unvaccinated cattle farm in
Strimoniko, 13 km [about 8 miles] by beeline, 18 km [about 11 miles]
by road distance from the Lithotopos hill top farm and 25 km [about 16
miles] from Nigrita farm [case A], no further data available by the
time of the CVET visit

Tags
Locations
LocationCoordinatesRelevanceShow on map
Ireland53°N 8°W0.375Yes
United States39.76°N 98.5°W0.326No
Greece39°N 22°E0.279No
Dublin, Leinster, Ireland53.33°N 6.25°W0.250No
Nigríta, Central Macedonia, Greece40.91°N 23.5°E0.220No
Massachusetts, United States42.37°N 71.11°W0.210No
Sérres, Central Macedonia, Greece41.09°N 23.55°E0.195No
Thessaloniki, Central Macedonia, Greece40.64°N 22.93°E0.190No
Athens, Attica, Greece37.98°N 23.72°E0.181No
Brussels, Brussels Capital, Belgium50.85°N 4.35°E0.178No
Finland64°N 26°E0.177No
Florida, United States28.75°N 82.5°W0.175No
Australia25°S 135°E0.172No
Vrasná, Central Macedonia, Greece40.7°N 23.65°E0.170No
Lithotopos, Central Macedonia, Greece41.13°N 23.22°E0.164No
Belgium50.75°N 4.5°E0.163No
Sidirokastro, Central Macedonia, Greece41.24°N 23.39°E0.162No
Discovery
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Original language: 
Original title: 
ProMED Digest, Vol 47, Issue 40
Original text (summary): 

Today's Topics:

1. PRO/AH/EDR> Lumpy skin disease - Europe (02): Greece, bovine,
reemerging, epidemiology (promed@promedmail.org)
2. PRO/EDR> Measles update (16): USA (MA), Ireland (KY,DN)
(promed@promedmail.org)
3. PRO/AH/EDR> Fibropapillomatosis, turtle - USA: (FL) pollution
link susp (promed@promedmail.org)

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Message: 1
Date: Sat, 14 May 2016 14:59:30 +0000
From: promed@promedmail.org
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Lumpy skin disease - Europe (02): Greece, bovine,
reemerging, epidemiology
To: promed-post@promedmail.org, promed-edr-post@promedmail.org,
promed-ahead-post@promedmail.org
Message-ID:
<01000154afc789f3-34549d53-2023-47d3-97f7-cd3285c59e96-000000@email.amazonses.com>

Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8

LUMPY SKIN DISEASE - EUROPE (02): GREECE, BOVINE, REEMERGING,
EPIDEMIOLOGY
**************************************************************************
A ProMED-mail post
<http://www.promedmail.org>
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
<http://www.isid.org>

Date: Fri 13 May 2016 [date of publication]
Source: EU Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health
(SCFCAH) meeting 3-4 May 2016, Brussels. Presentation of the Community
Veterinary Emergency Team Mission to Greece [summ., edited]
<http://ec.europa.eu/food/animals/docs/reg-com_ahw_2016050304_pres_lumpy-skin-disease-cvet-mission-greece.pdf>

The Mission of the Community Veterinary Emergency Team [CVET] to
Greece, 12-13 Apr 2016, was composed of the following experts: Dr Eeva
Tuppurainen - team leader, Finland; Dr Kris de Clercq - Belgium;
Commission Representative - Dr Dimitrios Dilaveris, DG SANTE
[Directorate-General for Health] (only 12 Apr 2016).

SCOPE of the mission: Lumpy skin disease [LSD] in cattle in Greece

A. LSD outbreak in Nigrita, Serres on 4 Apr 2016 [This is the 1st
outbreak in Greece since early December 2015]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. [Observations]
- Mixed dairy and beef herd (379 heads) vaccinated against LSDV on 26
Nov 2015
- One pregnant heifer (20 months of age) affected
- TB test in early February 2016, no lesions noticed then [see
comment]
- Heifer injured when it was mounted by another animal and was
separated from the herd to recover
- In early April [2016], animal was down and the owner noticed
hairless patches on the back of the animal, where blackbirds were
pecking
- The owner was not aware about LSDV infection
- Infected animal was sent to a slaughterhouse on [4 Apr 2016] and
LSDV infection detected by the abattoir veterinarian
- The nearest abattoir is 20 km [about 12 miles] away near Neos Skopos
(S131) but the animal was taken to another one located 55 km [about 34
miles] in the RU of Drama on a disease-free but vaccinated zone
- A LSDV field strain was detected from the samples by the National
Reference Laboratory in Athens
- Estimated age of the skin lesions 4 weeks (based on photos taken by
slaughterhouse vet)
- No clinical signs of LSD in other animals in the farm
- 40 blood samples were collected from the herd, tested negative in
PCR

2. Inconclusive source of infection
- A closed, zero-grazing feedlot farming system
- Nearest outbreaks in Vrasna in November 2015, RU of Thessaloniki (25
km [about 16 miles] distance)
- All farms in Serres in close proximity of the affected region in the
RU of Thessaloniki were vaccinated in late November 2015, nearly 100
percent vaccination coverage
- In the area starting 20 km to the North only 40 percent vaccination
coverage
- No known animal movements from infected regions of Thessaloniki
- Movement of vaccinated animals originating from restricted regions
for slaughter in the RU of Serres needs to be investigated
- No temporary farm workers
- Milk, veterinarian, animal trader vehicles -- disinfection of the
wheels on arrival and exit
- Artificial insemination with frozen semen is carried out by the
farmer
- Biting insects were present but not yet in substantial numbers,
ticks not a problem, spot-on insect repellent in cattle
- Local feed and water

B. Hill-top beef holding near to Lithotopos village in the RU of
Serres
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
1. [Observations]
- Located 20 km distance from Bulgarian border, free-ranging beef
cattle of 70 heads, communal grazing lands also used by 4 other
farmers
- Unvaccinated animals and vaccination coverage 40 percent in the
mountainous region
- Clinical signs 1st noticed by the owner on Sat [9 Apr 2016], samples
collected on following day and tested positive in NRL in Athens
- On the day of CVET visit on Tue [12 Apr 2016] several more cattle
with skin lesions were detected
- The herd was culled on Wed [13 Apr 2016]

2. Inconclusive source of infection
- Abundance of ticks, biting flies, tabanids, mosquitos
- A spot-on insect repellent was used
- Only owners, permanent staff visit the holding regularly; state and
private veterinarians irregularly
- Cattle for slaughter or trade are transported by the owner to
lowland farm and are picked up from there
- Nearest abattoir (S10) is located in Hortero near Sidirokastro at 24
km [about 15 miles] distance, it's used for cattle over 72 months of
age (due to TSE regulations)

C. Other affected farms by the time of CVET mission
---------------------------------------------------
- In Thessaloniki: Adverse vaccine reaction in imported cattle (68
heads) from Denmark, vaccinated [8 and 9 Mar 2016], clinical signs
detected in 2 cattle 10 days post-vaccination, vaccine virus detected
from the skin of the other animal
- [4 Apr 2016] a cattle farm near Roupel, Serres, very close to
Bulgarian border, cattle entry point from Bulgaria to Greece, cattle
resting station in close proximity -- the region was swiftly 100
percent vaccinated after the suspicion
- [12 Apr 2016] a suspected case in an unvaccinated cattle farm in
Strimoniko, 13 km [about 8 miles] by beeline, 18 km [about 11 miles]
by road distance from the Lithotopos hill top farm and 25 km [about 16
miles] from Nigrita farm [case A], no further data available by the
time of the CVET visit

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