ProMED Digest, Vol 46, Issue 47 Lumpy Skin Disease - Bulgaria

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Text (summary): 

Today's Topics:

1. PRO/AH/EDR> Lumpy skin disease - Bulgaria (02): (KK,SZ)
bovine (promed@promedmail.org)
2. PRO/AH/EDR> Tick-borne encephalitis - Germany
(promed@promedmail.org)
3. PRO/EDR> Mumps - USA (10): (IN,MA) student cases
(promed@promedmail.org)

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Message: 1
Date: Sat, 16 Apr 2016 01:16:31 +0000
From: promed@promedmail.org
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Lumpy skin disease - Bulgaria (02): (KK,SZ)
bovine
To: promed-post@promedmail.org, promed-edr-post@promedmail.org,
promed-ahead-post@promedmail.org
Message-ID:
<010001541ca40214-88aa4d8c-34c7-4e44-ae78-dd917854283b-000000@email.amazonses.com>

Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8

LUMPY SKIN DISEASE - BULGARIA (02): (HASKOVO, STARA ZAGORA) BOVINE
******************************************************************
A ProMED-mail post
<http://www.promedmail.org>
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
<http://www.isid.org>

Date: Thu 14 Apr 2016
Source: Bulgarian Food Safety Agency (BFSA) [in Bulgarian, mach.
trans., edited]
<http://tinyurl.com/hgzk7js>

"From today, emergency measures against the disease lumpy skin disease
[LSD] have been introduced in Northern Bulgaria, namely in the
districts of Vidin, Montana, Vratsa, Pleven, Veliko Tarnovo, Gabrovo,
Lovech, Razgrad, Targovishte, Shumen, Ruse, Dobrich, Silistra and
Varna. The movement of cattle in these areas is not prohibited, but is
carried out under increased scrutiny." This was announced by the
executive director of the Bulgarian Food Safety Agency [BFSA], Dr.
Damyan Iliev, in a news conference, where he presented updated
information on the epizootic situation in the country and steps
undertaken by the Food Safety Agency in relation to identified
outbreaks of lumpy skin disease. He said that a new outbreak of the
disease has been detected in the village Vodenicharovo in the Stara
Zagora province, adjacent to the primary outbreaks in the villages
Voden and Chernogorovo in the province Haskovo.

Dr Iliev added that farmers must follow the instructions published
earlier by BFSA, available on the Agency's website: the main and
urgent step is combatting the vectors. It is forbidden to transport
cattle in southern Bulgaria, except for animals that are moved to a
slaughterhouse for immediate slaughter. Weekly clinical examinations
of cattle must be carried out across the country. Dr Iliev added that
the holding of animal markets and cattle exhibitions are forbidden.
Cattle owners must immediately inform the official veterinarian doctor
of any suspected disease cases or mortalities. "It is possible that
the cause of the disease is a criminal movement of animals, although
this is not confirmed so far," said Dr Iliev. "In addition to the
restrictions published above, vector control measures by spraying are
being applied in relation to all flying vectors in the Struma and
Maritsa river-basins, bordering Turkey and Greece," said the Director
of the National Veterinary Services.

Dr. Damyan Iliev explained that currently no LSD vaccination is to be
applied. According to him, the main reason not to vaccinate animals is
a [EU] ban on the movement of cattle and trade in their products
within the EU for a minimum of 3 years if vaccination is performed.
This will lead to major economic losses. "The vaccine used against LSD
also does not provide the expected results. In Greece, where
vaccination has been performed, new outbreaks are still reported,"
said Dr. Daman Iliev. He pointed out that up to the end of 2015, 451
LSD outbreaks have been recoded in Turkey, and 116 in Greece. Since
the beginning of this year [2016], 11 new outbreaks have been recorded
in Turkey and 3 in Greece. The disease is transmitted very easily, as
the main transmitters are bloodsucking insects (Culicoides, flies,
mosquitoes, ticks), while spread by contact between animals can be
transported mechanically. Dr Iliev is confident that the only way to
stop the spread of the disease in the country is by euthanizing and
burial of herds with infected animals. "So minimizing the likelihood
of vectors (insects) to transmit the virus from diseased animals," he
added.

--
Communicated by:
Sabine Zentis
Castleview English Longhorns
Gut Laach, D-52385 Nideggen
Germany
<cvlonghorns@aol.com>

[According to the DEFRA (UK) updated (15 Apr 2016) "Preliminary
Outbreak Assessment" of LSD in Bulgaria and Greece, 2 of the affected
premises in Bulgaria are backyard farms, just 5 km [about 3 miles]
from each other, while the 3rd focus, also a backyard farm, is located
in a village without other livestock. Clinical signs of skin nodules
(no scabs) were observed in the animals. In Greece, 3 outbreaks have
been reported in the Serres region, in Northern Greece, affecting
unvaccinated cattle. These are the 1st outbreaks this year (2016) in
Greece and are in an area which had not previously reported disease.
The DEFRA assessment further says that no approved vaccine is
available in the EU for prevention of LSD, but under emergency
procedures, a South African vaccine may be used; in this case,
Intervet's "Lumpyvax". The DEFRA doc VITT/1200 "Lumpy Skin Disease in
Greece and Bulgaria" is available at
<https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/517110/lumpy-skin-bulgaria-greece-april16.pdf>.

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Bulgaria42.73°N 25.49°E0.500Yes
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Original language: 
Original title: 
ProMED Digest, Vol 46, Issue 47
Original text (summary): 

Today's Topics:

1. PRO/AH/EDR> Lumpy skin disease - Bulgaria (02): (KK,SZ)
bovine (promed@promedmail.org)
2. PRO/AH/EDR> Tick-borne encephalitis - Germany
(promed@promedmail.org)
3. PRO/EDR> Mumps - USA (10): (IN,MA) student cases
(promed@promedmail.org)

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Message: 1
Date: Sat, 16 Apr 2016 01:16:31 +0000
From: promed@promedmail.org
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Lumpy skin disease - Bulgaria (02): (KK,SZ)
bovine
To: promed-post@promedmail.org, promed-edr-post@promedmail.org,
promed-ahead-post@promedmail.org
Message-ID:
<010001541ca40214-88aa4d8c-34c7-4e44-ae78-dd917854283b-000000@email.amazonses.com>

Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8

LUMPY SKIN DISEASE - BULGARIA (02): (HASKOVO, STARA ZAGORA) BOVINE
******************************************************************
A ProMED-mail post
<http://www.promedmail.org>
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
<http://www.isid.org>

Date: Thu 14 Apr 2016
Source: Bulgarian Food Safety Agency (BFSA) [in Bulgarian, mach.
trans., edited]
<http://tinyurl.com/hgzk7js>

"From today, emergency measures against the disease lumpy skin disease
[LSD] have been introduced in Northern Bulgaria, namely in the
districts of Vidin, Montana, Vratsa, Pleven, Veliko Tarnovo, Gabrovo,
Lovech, Razgrad, Targovishte, Shumen, Ruse, Dobrich, Silistra and
Varna. The movement of cattle in these areas is not prohibited, but is
carried out under increased scrutiny." This was announced by the
executive director of the Bulgarian Food Safety Agency [BFSA], Dr.
Damyan Iliev, in a news conference, where he presented updated
information on the epizootic situation in the country and steps
undertaken by the Food Safety Agency in relation to identified
outbreaks of lumpy skin disease. He said that a new outbreak of the
disease has been detected in the village Vodenicharovo in the Stara
Zagora province, adjacent to the primary outbreaks in the villages
Voden and Chernogorovo in the province Haskovo.

Dr Iliev added that farmers must follow the instructions published
earlier by BFSA, available on the Agency's website: the main and
urgent step is combatting the vectors. It is forbidden to transport
cattle in southern Bulgaria, except for animals that are moved to a
slaughterhouse for immediate slaughter. Weekly clinical examinations
of cattle must be carried out across the country. Dr Iliev added that
the holding of animal markets and cattle exhibitions are forbidden.
Cattle owners must immediately inform the official veterinarian doctor
of any suspected disease cases or mortalities. "It is possible that
the cause of the disease is a criminal movement of animals, although
this is not confirmed so far," said Dr Iliev. "In addition to the
restrictions published above, vector control measures by spraying are
being applied in relation to all flying vectors in the Struma and
Maritsa river-basins, bordering Turkey and Greece," said the Director
of the National Veterinary Services.

Dr. Damyan Iliev explained that currently no LSD vaccination is to be
applied. According to him, the main reason not to vaccinate animals is
a [EU] ban on the movement of cattle and trade in their products
within the EU for a minimum of 3 years if vaccination is performed.
This will lead to major economic losses. "The vaccine used against LSD
also does not provide the expected results. In Greece, where
vaccination has been performed, new outbreaks are still reported,"
said Dr. Daman Iliev. He pointed out that up to the end of 2015, 451
LSD outbreaks have been recoded in Turkey, and 116 in Greece. Since
the beginning of this year [2016], 11 new outbreaks have been recorded
in Turkey and 3 in Greece. The disease is transmitted very easily, as
the main transmitters are bloodsucking insects (Culicoides, flies,
mosquitoes, ticks), while spread by contact between animals can be
transported mechanically. Dr Iliev is confident that the only way to
stop the spread of the disease in the country is by euthanizing and
burial of herds with infected animals. "So minimizing the likelihood
of vectors (insects) to transmit the virus from diseased animals," he
added.

--
Communicated by:
Sabine Zentis
Castleview English Longhorns
Gut Laach, D-52385 Nideggen
Germany
<cvlonghorns@aol.com>

[According to the DEFRA (UK) updated (15 Apr 2016) "Preliminary
Outbreak Assessment" of LSD in Bulgaria and Greece, 2 of the affected
premises in Bulgaria are backyard farms, just 5 km [about 3 miles]
from each other, while the 3rd focus, also a backyard farm, is located
in a village without other livestock. Clinical signs of skin nodules
(no scabs) were observed in the animals. In Greece, 3 outbreaks have
been reported in the Serres region, in Northern Greece, affecting
unvaccinated cattle. These are the 1st outbreaks this year (2016) in
Greece and are in an area which had not previously reported disease.
The DEFRA assessment further says that no approved vaccine is
available in the EU for prevention of LSD, but under emergency
procedures, a South African vaccine may be used; in this case,
Intervet's "Lumpyvax". The DEFRA doc VITT/1200 "Lumpy Skin Disease in
Greece and Bulgaria" is available at
<https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/517110/lumpy-skin-bulgaria-greece-april16.pdf>.

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