Lumpy skin disease is a poxvirus infection that occurs in ruminants and was classified due to its long distance spread on the African continent as a minor virus infection threat to Europe in the past. At present, the animal epidemic is spreading to Eastern Europe, coming from the Middle East (Turkey).
The pathogen of Lumpy Skin Disease (LSD) is a virus from the genus Capripoxvirus, which also includes the Sheeppox virus (SPPV) and the Goatpox virus (GTPV). SPPV and GTPV cause pox in sheep and goats, respectively. The Lumpy skin disease virus, the Sheeppox virus and the Goatpox virus are closely related from a phylogenetic standpoint.
LSD is a notifiable animal disease. An outbreak in cattle results in severe economic losses.